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Rattlesnake bite!  What is the initial treatment?
s1.hubimg.com
s1.hubimg.com
Rattlesnake bite! What is the initial treatment?
x
First aid used to consist of a tourniquet above the level of the wound, but this can lead to ischemia (lack of oxygen to the tissues) and is no longer recommended.  Also, wounds used to be incised (cut open with a knife),  however,  this has been shown to not be helpful, and can lead to infection.  "Sucking" out the  poison also leads to infection with no real benefits.

So, what to do for a rattlesnake bite?  Currently the guidelines are to immobilize the extremity, note the time of the bite, trace the red border around the wound, and get the patient to medical help.
antivenin can be given for more severe bites.
cdn2.arkive.org
cdn2.arkive.org
First aid used to consist of a tourniquet above the level of the wound, but this can lead to ischemia (lack of oxygen to the tissues) and is no longer recommended. Also, wounds used to be incised (cut open with a knife), however, this has been shown to not be helpful, and can lead to infection. "Sucking" out the poison also leads to infection with no real benefits. So, what to do for a rattlesnake bite? Currently the guidelines are to immobilize the extremity, note the time of the bite, trace the red border around the wound, and get the patient to medical help. antivenin can be given for more severe bites.
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Your co-worker has just spilled hot coffee all over her hand.  What should you first do to help?
www.vanderbilt.edu
www.vanderbilt.edu
Your co-worker has just spilled hot coffee all over her hand. What should you first do to help?
x
Cool, running water is the initial treatment of choice for minor burns.  Ice can be too cold, and further damage the tissue.  A clean bandage is nice, but only after cooling the skin.  Blisters should never be popped, and butter can increase the chance of infection.
img.webmd.com
img.webmd.com
Cool, running water is the initial treatment of choice for minor burns. Ice can be too cold, and further damage the tissue. A clean bandage is nice, but only after cooling the skin. Blisters should never be popped, and butter can increase the chance of infection.
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How is bleeding controlled for large wounds?
previews.123rf.com
previews.123rf.com
How is bleeding controlled for large wounds?
x
Apply pressure!  Firm pressure for long enough will stop virtually any bleeding.  Heat can exacerbate the problem, ice interferes with holding pressure, and aspirin is a blood thinner.
A wound that bleeds for a significant period of time may require sutures
0801.nccdn.net
0801.nccdn.net
Apply pressure! Firm pressure for long enough will stop virtually any bleeding. Heat can exacerbate the problem, ice interferes with holding pressure, and aspirin is a blood thinner. A wound that bleeds for a significant period of time may require sutures
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Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is one of the most common medical emergencies experienced by diabetic patients.  Symptoms include....
pedemmorsels.com
pedemmorsels.com
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is one of the most common medical emergencies experienced by diabetic patients. Symptoms include....
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The first priority with hypoglycemia is to get the person some high sugar drink or candy.  Diet drinks will not work.  Apple juice or similar will work well, but high sugar things will not work for long.  Afterward the person should have a real meal, with plenty more juice. The biggest immediate danger is that the person will return to a hypoglycemic state.  If they have the means to check their sugar, they should do so frequently over the next several hours.

If the person is passed out or too confused to drink/eat, 911 should be called.
craigcameron.us
craigcameron.us
The first priority with hypoglycemia is to get the person some high sugar drink or candy. Diet drinks will not work. Apple juice or similar will work well, but high sugar things will not work for long. Afterward the person should have a real meal, with plenty more juice. The biggest immediate danger is that the person will return to a hypoglycemic state. If they have the means to check their sugar, they should do so frequently over the next several hours. If the person is passed out or too confused to drink/eat, 911 should be called.
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Proper care of frostbite includes the following...
photos.travelblog.org
photos.travelblog.org
Proper care of frostbite includes the following...
x
Bring the person indoors immediately, do not try to thaw frostbite until you are in a warm place, because warming then re-freezing can cause permanent damage.

remove any wet clothing, and treat the frozen parts carefully, don't rub them!

warm the frozen parts in warm (not hot!) water, for about 30 minutes.  Do not use dry heat, such as a fireplace, or heating pads, to thaw frostbite.

make sure to warm the entire body, not just the frostbitten areas.  This is especially important in children.  Wrap the victim in warm blankets.

Place cotton balls between fingers or frostbitten toes after re-warming, but be careful not to pop any blisters

Loosely wrapped the re-warmed areas with clean bandages to prevent any re-freezing, and keep the vicitm still.

Ibuprofen or Tylenol is generally a good idea for pain.

Frostbite victims should receive medical attention after first aid as soon as possible.
www.catlinarcticsurvey.com
www.catlinarcticsurvey.com
Bring the person indoors immediately, do not try to thaw frostbite until you are in a warm place, because warming then re-freezing can cause permanent damage. remove any wet clothing, and treat the frozen parts carefully, don't rub them! warm the frozen parts in warm (not hot!) water, for about 30 minutes. Do not use dry heat, such as a fireplace, or heating pads, to thaw frostbite. make sure to warm the entire body, not just the frostbitten areas. This is especially important in children. Wrap the victim in warm blankets. Place cotton balls between fingers or frostbitten toes after re-warming, but be careful not to pop any blisters Loosely wrapped the re-warmed areas with clean bandages to prevent any re-freezing, and keep the vicitm still. Ibuprofen or Tylenol is generally a good idea for pain. Frostbite victims should receive medical attention after first aid as soon as possible.
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Basic care for a sprained ankle would include...
www.drsmartphonemd.com
www.drsmartphonemd.com
Basic care for a sprained ankle would include...
x
Initial treatment revolves around R.I.C.E. therapy, designed to reduce the swelling and inflammation around the area, so that it can feel better and heal faster. 

R- Rest.  Rest the injured part  during the initial 2-3 days.  Thereafter, gentle stretching is often recommended for simple sprains or strains.

I- Ice.  Ice directly reduces swelling at the site

C- Compression.  An Ace type bandage not only provides support, but also drives swelling away.

E- Elevation.  Again, the focus here is to reduce swelling.


Ibuprofen is often recommended for a few days, as this anti-inflammatory drug not only helps pain, but acts internally to reduce inflammation.
web-images.chacha.com
web-images.chacha.com
Initial treatment revolves around R.I.C.E. therapy, designed to reduce the swelling and inflammation around the area, so that it can feel better and heal faster. R- Rest. Rest the injured part during the initial 2-3 days. Thereafter, gentle stretching is often recommended for simple sprains or strains. I- Ice. Ice directly reduces swelling at the site C- Compression. An Ace type bandage not only provides support, but also drives swelling away. E- Elevation. Again, the focus here is to reduce swelling. Ibuprofen is often recommended for a few days, as this anti-inflammatory drug not only helps pain, but acts internally to reduce inflammation.
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Experts advise a specific way to remove a tick.  What is the correct way?
convenientcareplus.com
convenientcareplus.com
Experts advise a specific way to remove a tick. What is the correct way?
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Tweezers are the way to go.  Petroleum jelly and burning ticks off is not recommended because it can cause the tick to regurgitate into the host.  Twisting the tick off will leave jaw parts in the person's skin.
1.bp.blogspot.com
1.bp.blogspot.com
Tweezers are the way to go. Petroleum jelly and burning ticks off is not recommended because it can cause the tick to regurgitate into the host. Twisting the tick off will leave jaw parts in the person's skin.
x
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An EpiPen is device often carried by people with a known history of severe allergic reactions.  Basic use includes....
files.epipen.gethifi.com
files.epipen.gethifi.com
An EpiPen is device often carried by people with a known history of severe allergic reactions. Basic use includes....
x
An EpiPen is designed to be injected straight through clothing.  The blue safety cap must be taken off, then the pen can be firmly placed against the side of the upper leg- hold it there, FIRMLY for 10 seconds to ensure the medicine is injected.  The needle will shield itself upon removal.
mylifeandkids.com
mylifeandkids.com
An EpiPen is designed to be injected straight through clothing. The blue safety cap must be taken off, then the pen can be firmly placed against the side of the upper leg- hold it there, FIRMLY for 10 seconds to ensure the medicine is injected. The needle will shield itself upon removal.
x
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Signs of severe heat stroke include...
www.dancesafe.org
www.dancesafe.org
Signs of severe heat stroke include...
x
Heatstroke is at the far end of the spectrum of heat related emergencies.  Heatstroke is a potentially life-threatening emergency with the hallmark sign of markedly increased body temperature, potentially above 106 degrees Fahrenheit.  The victim may have warm, dry skin; fast pulse, and unconsciousness. 
First Aid would involve calling 911, have the person lie down if possible, get clothes off, and start lowering the body temperature immediately by any means necessary.  Hosing the person down and applying ice packs would certainly be appropriate.
www.vintoniowa.org
www.vintoniowa.org
Heatstroke is at the far end of the spectrum of heat related emergencies. Heatstroke is a potentially life-threatening emergency with the hallmark sign of markedly increased body temperature, potentially above 106 degrees Fahrenheit. The victim may have warm, dry skin; fast pulse, and unconsciousness. First Aid would involve calling 911, have the person lie down if possible, get clothes off, and start lowering the body temperature immediately by any means necessary. Hosing the person down and applying ice packs would certainly be appropriate.
x
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A person you are helping is having these symptoms: Lightheadedness, nausea, and feeling short of breath.  He also has uncomfortable pressure in the center of the chest, spreading to the neck. 
You proceed with the following actions....
edc2.healthtap.com
edc2.healthtap.com
A person you are helping is having these symptoms: Lightheadedness, nausea, and feeling short of breath. He also has uncomfortable pressure in the center of the chest, spreading to the neck. You proceed with the following actions....
x
This person is experiencing signs of a possible heart attack.  The correct course of action is to call 911, administer an adult or 4 baby aspirin (if not allergic, he doesn't have bleeding problems, or a doctor has never told the person NOT to take aspirin), calm the patient, and be prepared to act fast if the patient collapses (possibly needing to start CPR!)
www.startcprnow.com
www.startcprnow.com
This person is experiencing signs of a possible heart attack. The correct course of action is to call 911, administer an adult or 4 baby aspirin (if not allergic, he doesn't have bleeding problems, or a doctor has never told the person NOT to take aspirin), calm the patient, and be prepared to act fast if the patient collapses (possibly needing to start CPR!)
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